I am a senior researcher at the Department of Animal Health and Welfare, Wageningen Livestock Research, the Netherlands. I received my MSc in Biochemistry from Utrecht University, the Netherlands and a PhD in Agricultural Sciences at Wageningen University, the Netherlands. My fields of specialisation include stress and welfare of cultured and captured fish species. I have been participating in several R&D projects and networks and have published numerous scientific papers on fish welfare. I was a member of the EFSA working group for the assessment of welfare during farming of European eel and welfare at slaughter of European eel, sea bass and gilthead sea bream. I am a member of Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences, Wageningen, the Netherlands.