Mariska Bottema has a consultancy and NGO background in marine and coastal governance, with a geographical focus on Asia and the Caribbean. Currently she is a PhD researcher at the Environmental Policy Group at Wageningen University and Research. She is investigating area-based aquaculture management in South East Asia.
There are limited accounts of area-based management in aquaculture. Whilst area management is emerging as a key policy approach, we do not yet have a fundamental understanding of how such approaches can present a more effective means of organising aquaculture. The objective of Mariska’s PhD is to investigate what constitutes area management in Southeast Asian aquaculture, how environmental risk is incorporated in these governance arrangements and how they are institutionalised in aquaculture management. Mariska looks at different configurations of area management, determines what their components are and how they come together in the formation of environmental approaches which transcend farm-level management. Through a number of case studies in South East Asia and China, Mariska studies area-based aquaculture management at four levels: the aquaculture farmer, private-led aquaculture improvement projects, state-led area management and certification standards.