Zoek medewerkers/organisaties dr. WJC de Bruijn
Naam
Naamdr. WJC de Bruijn
RoepnaamWouter
Emailwouter.debruijn@wur.nl

Werk
OmschrijvingAssistant Professor
OrganisatieDepartement Agrotechnologie en Voedingswetenschappen
OrganisatieeenheidLevensmiddelenchemie
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Telefoon secretariaat+31 317 482 888
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BezoekadresBornse Weilanden 9
6708WG, WAGENINGEN
Gebouw/Kamer118/X0117
PostadresPostbus 17
6700AA, WAGENINGEN
Bodenummer172
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Ma Di Wo Do Vr
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Middag

Biografie

 

Assistant professor phytochemicals
at the Laboratory of Food Chemistry
http://www.fch.wur.nl / http://www.linkedin.com/company/fchwur

Phytochemicals are small molecules produced by plants’ secondary metabolism. These compounds have a wide diversity of functionalities in the plant, including defence against biological threats. Many of them are known to be reactive molecules in food and they often possess beneficial bioactive properties.
In my work, we study the phytochemicals present in food-related plants and plant-derived food ingredients. To this end, we employ advanced chemical analytical techniques, such as ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS).
One of our goals is to identify plant defence compounds that may possess antimicrobial activity against food spoilage or pathogenic microorganisms. We study the production, analysis, and modification of these defence compounds as leads for novel antimicrobials.
Among the classes of phytochemicals we study, phenolic compounds are the most well-known. Two important subclasses of phenolic compounds are (iso)flavonoids and stilbenoids, which are produced in many plants, including legumes (e.g. soy bean, peanuts). A modification known as prenylation, which occurs naturally in these plants as part of their defence against biological threats, enhances the bioactivity of (iso)flavonoids and stilbenoids. Therefore, prenylated (iso)flavonoids and stilbenoids are known to be highly bioactive. In particular, they can possess potent antimicrobial properties. This has led to much interest in these compounds from the perspectives of both academic research and industry. We develop methods for analysis of prenylated (iso)flavonoids and stilbenoids and for their production via biological, enzymatic, and chemical approaches.
Moreover, phenolic compounds, especially those possessing catechol-moieties, can participate in oxidative reactions and interactions with metals. Additionally, these molecules can be metabolised by gut microbiota, while at the same time also affecting the gut microbiota composition. In this part of my work, we study the molecular mechanisms underlying structural modifications, interactions, and reactions of phenolic compounds.


Expertiseprofiel
Expertise
Sociale media
  Wouter de Bruijn op Linkedin
  Wouter de Bruijn op ResearchGate

Publicaties
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Projecten

Current projects (2021):

  • IRONTECH – Understanding and controlling iron-phytochemical interactions
  • Unravelling mechanisms underlying auto-oxidative browning of green tea phenolics
  • PRECERPHYT – Food PREservation by coupling of CEReal PHYTochemicals: Size matters!
  • Novel fungal prenyltransferases as tools to produce antimicrobial prenylated phenolics
  • Bio-purification of plant proteins – Fermentative elimination of off-tastes, off-odours, and anti-nutritional compounds
  • Advanced ion mobility mass spectrometry for characterisation of complex food carbohydrates, lipids, and phytochemicals

 

Finished projects:

  • Prebiotic potential of green and black tea phenolics – Metabolite and microbiota profiling, and green biorefinery for sustainable production

Onderwijs
Vakken
  • FCH-20806 - Food Chemistry
  • FCH-30806 - Advanced Food Chemistry
  • FCH-31806 - Advanced Biochemical Analysis of Foods
  • FCH-37803 - Advanced Biochemical Analysis of Foods - Product Composition
  • FCH-38306 - Molecular Signatures of Biofunctional Food Ingredients
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