Zoek medewerkers/organisaties dr. H Mancini Teixeira MSc BSc
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Naamdr. H Mancini Teixeira MSc BSc
RoepnaamHeitor
Emailheitor.manciniteixeira@wur.nl

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OmschrijvingOnderzoeker
OrganisatieDepartement Plantenwetenschappen
OrganisatieeenheidPlantaardige Productiesystemen

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Connecting biodiversity and ecosystem services: towards more sustainable agroecosystems

 

The landscape in Zona da Mata region (Brazil) can be understood as a dynamic mosaic of land uses, including secondary forest, pastures, coffee and agroforestry systems. Spatial patterns of such mosaics are determined by heterogeneous physical landscape features and shaped by the diversity in management practices and decisions made by individual farmers. Thus, a gradient of more biodiverse to overly simplified farms can be found in the region. These diverse farming systems contribute differently to local livelihoods and to the provision of ecosystem services (ES). Currently, we lack understanding of the incentives that farmers have to manage agrobiodiversity and the consequences of management for functional diversity and the provision of multiple ES. A farm typology will be conducted in the region to understand how socio-economic factors influence and relate to biodiversity in the agroecosystems. Once the different farm types are identified, the perceptions of farmers belonging to each type will be assessed aiming to understand different farming logics and contrasting perceptions as well as the impacts on management. In sequence, different ecosystems processes and properties related to ES valued by farmers will be quantified in the field. In parallel, tree species presence and relative abundances will be combined with species functional trait data to estimate functional diversity properties for the selected landscape units. Different indexes of (functional) diversity will be then related to the selected ES and farm management.

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