Moral dilemmas concerning the concept of ‘OneHealth’: towards a socially responsible zoonotic disease control
Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases that can spread between animals and humans. Outbreaks of Q-fever, Avian Influenza and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) raised public awareness about the possible threats of zoonotic diseases. The ‘OneHealth’-approach calls for interdisciplinary collaboration to combat these diseases. ‘OneHealth’ aims to promote and protect of the health of humans, animals and the environment. In practice however, the focus is primarily on promoting public health to which animals and the environment seem instrumental. For example, a ‘OneHealth’-approach can imply the culling of (healthy) animals. This causes public debate and raises ethical questions about the implementation of the concept of ‘OneHealth’ within zoonotic disease control.
The purpose of this research-project is to examine and elaborate the moral dilemmas of zoonotic disease control. The main objective is to answer the question if a ‘OneHealth’-approach in zoonotic disease control requires an ethical perspective, and if so what this would imply for current policies.