Interspecies hydrogen transfer in the human gut ecosystem
The gut microbiota plays an important role in human health and diseases, which consists of hundreds of different microbial taxa. One of the main functions of the gut microbiota is fermentation of carbohydrates, leading to production of short chain fatty acids as well as hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Hydrogen can serve as important energy source for respiring gut microbes such as methanogens, reductive acetogens and sulphate reducers. However, how interspecies hydrogen transfer between different trophic groups drives human gut microbial composition and function remains largely unknown.
This project aims to understand the impact of different interspecies hydrogen transfer activities on gut microbial composition and function. In addition, we also would like to isolate and identify novel microbes that are able to consume hydrogen.
We use in vitro systems to study the mechanisms underlying intestinal interspecies hydrogen transfer. In addition, we will study the population dynamics of different hydrogen producing and consuming microbes in a variety of human intervention studies.