Naam
Naam Y Chen
RoepnaamYao
Emailyao.chen@wur.nl

Werk
OmschrijvingExterne medewerker
OrganisatieDepartement Agrotechnologie en Voedingswetenschappen
OrganisatieeenheidFood Quality and Design
OmschrijvingPromovendus
OrganisatieDepartement Agrotechnologie en Voedingswetenschappen
OrganisatieeenheidFood Quality and Design
Reguliere werkdagen
Ma Di Wo Do Vr
Ochtend
Middag

Biografie

Yao is a PhD candidate from China and she achieved her BSc in Food Quality & Safety (China Agricultural University, China) and a MSc in Food Innovation & Health (University of Copenhagen, Denmark). As an Erasmus+ exchange student in Food Quality and Design (FQD) group at Wageningen University and Research (WUR), she did her MSc thesis on the influence of heat treatment on high fat-high protein O/W emulsion stability. In 2019 she started her PhD project at FQD with the sponsorship from China Scholarship Council. During her PhD she will study the influence of oral processing behaviour on nutrients digestion, under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Markus Stieger and Dr. Edoardo Capuano.


Expertiseprofiel

Projecten

The influence of oral processing behaviour on nutrients (protein, starch) digestion

 

Supervisors: 

Prof. Dr. Markus Stieger

Prof. Dr. Edoardo Capuano   

 

Project term: - - Jan-2019 – - - Jan-2023 - - 

 

Introduction

Protein is an essential macronutrient that plays numerous structural and functional roles in foods and contributes to health. The nutritional value of proteins is determined by various factors, including the amino acid composition, gastrointestinal protein digestibility as well as the utilization of the absorbed amino acids. Oral processing behaviour has been demonstrated to influence the digestibility and utilization of proteins (Rémond et al., 2007). Oral processing behaviour depends on oral physiology and intrinsic food properties. Oral processing behaviour is typically characterized by multiple factors, e.g. bite size, chewing sequence duration and eating rate (Bolhuis, Lakemond, de Wijk, Luning, & de Graaf, 2011). In contrast to several studies describing the influence of oral processing behaviour on polysaccharide digestion and utilization (Ranawana, Monro, Mishra, & Henry, 2010; Suzuki et al., 2005), little is known about the role of oral processing behaviour on protein digestibility and utilization.  

 

Aim

To gain more insights into nutrients digestibility and utilization by considering the influence of oral processing behaviour.

 

Approach

1) To study the effect of macroscopic structure of food matrix on bolus properties after oral process. 

2) To investigate the impact of oral processing behaviour (chewing sequence duration) on kinetics of in vitro digestibility of protein.

3) To elucidate the inter-individual difference in kinetics of in vitro digestibility of protein due to the variance in oral processing behaviour (chewing sequence duration).

 

Future research

To expand the research interest into other nutrients, such as starch in cereals (brown rice) and legumes (chickpea).

 

References

1. Bolhuis, D. P., Lakemond, C. M. M., de Wijk, R. A., Luning, P. A., & de Graaf, C. (2011). Both Longer Oral Sensory Exposure to and Higher Intensity of Saltiness Decrease Ad Libitum Food Intake in Healthy Normal-Weight Men. The Journal of Nutrition, 141(12), 2242–2248. 

2. Ranawana Viren, V., Henry, C. J. K., & Pratt Megan, M. (2010). Degree of habitual mastication seems to contribute to interindividual variations in the glycemic response to rice but not to spaghetti. Nutrition Research, 30(6), 382–391. 

3. Rémond, D., Mirand, P. P., Machebeuf, M., Buffière, C., Mosoni, L., Mioche, L., & Yven, C. (2007). Postprandial whole-body protein metabolism after a meat meal is influenced by chewing efficiency in elderly subjects. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 85(5), 1286–1292. 

4. Suzuki, H., Fukushima, M., Okamoto, S., Takahashi, O., Shimbo, T., Kurose, T., … Fukui, T. (2005). Effects of thorough mastication on postprandial plasma glucose concentrations in nonobese Japanese subjects. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 54(12), 1593–1599. 

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