Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use into NTFP and AFS production practices in Multiple-Use Forest Landscapes of High Conservation Value
The project´s objective is to ensure that the biodiversity of Brazilian multiple-use forest landscapes of high conservation value is conserved through a strengthened sustainable use management framework for non-timber forest products (NTFP) and agro-forestry systems (AFS). It will support Brazil’s goal of promoting the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity while reducing poverty and increasing resilience in the rural areas, which are governmental objectives stated in public policies and programs. The project will conserve biodiversity in key forest landscapes - Amazon, Caatinga and Cerrado - all renowned for their outstanding global biodiversity significance but currently under threat from increasing land use pressures across production landscapes. It will address one of the key land use threats to these forests, which is forest degradation driven by small-scale farmers that employ traditional subsistence farming and extraction practices in and around forested areas throughout the landscape, including land clearing, over-exploitation of resources, and poor fire management. This is causing increased encroachment on forest habitats both in areas under conservation and in locations that are strategic for connectivity across the landscape with the result of gradual loss of the global environmental values in these areas. It will seek to facilitate a shift from these unsustainable agricultural practices to an approach that conserves the biodiversity of multiple-use forest landscapes of high conservation value while meeting important social priorities and development goals. The project will therefore focus on the development of a strengthened sustainable use management framework for sustainable NTFP and AFS production. This will be achieved through two Outcomes: 1) Governance and capacity building framework for up-scaling best practices for BD sustainable management and production, and 2) Market and financial frameworks for up-scaling for NTFP and AFS production in high-conservation value forest landscapes. By removing current risks and uncertainties, the project will contribute to the upscaling of sustainable NTFP and AFS production while at the same time enhancing the rights and roles of communities in the sustainable management of BD and improving their livelihoods. Up-scaling and integration of AFS production will provide more environmentally friendly forms of land use in a landscape-level mosaic, increasing connectivity of forest fragments and helping to maintain ecosystem services.