Charmaine is a political economist who examines how configurations of power and politics regulate institutional performance and change, and ultimately patterns of economic development and the distribution of any resultant benefits. She builds on her previous research in Colombia and the Philippines, where she studied the role that producer associations played in determining the mobilisation of taxes collected from key agri-export sectors. Aside from her continuing work on the political economy of resource governance, she is undertaking new trajectories of research, including: the political uses of social policy and their developmental consequences in the context of the current wave of ‘new populism’; and institutional pathways to universal healthcare in the Global South.
Prior to joining the WUR, she was a post-doctoral researcher at the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), exploring the political economy of externally-financed social protection. She previously taught at the ISS, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of Bath and Leiden University College. At the LSE, she was also a Research Associate at the Crisis States Research Centre, where she examined state-building and resource mobilisation in fragile and failed states. She has more than 15 years of experience as a development practitioner in non-government organisations and multilateral agencies working in the Philippines and Southeast Asia, where she conducted applied policy research on issues related to agricultural trade, food security, public finance, and decentralization.
Dr Ramos holds a BSc and MA in Economics from the University of the Philippines, and an MSc in Development Management and PhD in Development Studies from the LSE.